OIL AND GAS
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Well Stimulation-Salt Water Disposal (SWD), Producing & Water Flood wells
Acidizing of wells has been a common practice for years. Iron sulfide and biomass are coating the wellbore, blocking perforations and plugging formation. During conventional acidizing HCL is pumped downhole. The HCL only touches the surface of the scale. It may not penetrate the perfs or formation unless it can break through the scale. FeS is converted to Fe2+, 2Cl- and H2S. The Iron Chloride only remains soluble as long as pH remains low. Biomass is virtually untouched. A water flush removes scale but Fe2+, 2Cl- and H2S remain present in solution. When the well goes back online the pH shifts back to normal and the FeS precipitates and scale formation begins again. Scheduling of another acidizing job is just around the corner.
PureLine’s enhanced acidization incorporates ClO2, solvent and nano surfactant in addition to the traditional HCL. ClO2 oxidizes the H2S in solution to form HCL and soluble SO4-2 ions. Fe2+ and Cl- are present in solution. ClO2 then penetrates the biomatrix. The iron sulfide is oxidized to soluble Fe+3, Cl- and SO4-2. Because the iron sulfide is oxidized all the way to iron sulfate (FeSO4), it remains soluble when pH normalizes and will not precipitate. Thus, breaking the traditional acidizing cycle. H2S has been completely oxidized by the ClO2. When the well is put back online the sulfur compounds have been converted from insoluble sulfides to soluble sulfates and the biofilm is gone.